Opportunistic Systemic Mycoses
These are fungal infections of the body which occur almost exclusively in debilitated patients whose normal defence mechanisms are impaired. The organisms involved are cosmopolitan fungi which have a very low inherent virulence. The increased incidence of these infections and the diversity of fungi causing them, has parallelled the emergence of AIDS, more aggressive cancer and post-transplantation chemotherapy and the use of antibiotics, cytotoxins, immunosuppressives, corticosteroids and other macro disruptive procedures that result in lowered resistance of the host.
|Candidiasis|| Candida albicans and
|Aspergillosis||Aspergillus fumigatus etc.||Rare|
|Rhizopus, Mucor, Rhizomucor,
|Hyalohyphomycosis||Penicillium, Paecilomyces, Beauveria,
Fusarium, Scopulariopsis etc.
|Phaeohyphomycosis||Cladosporium, Exophiala, Wangiella,
Bipolaris, Exserohilum, Curvularia.
|Penicillosis marneffei||Penicillium marneffei||Rare|